The earth hero **Nissan LEAF** will come into production in 2011. I don’t know how much it cost but probably around $30,000 — $40,000. The issues of rising electricity price in Indonesia simply gives me idea to estimate the operational cost of Nissan LEAF here.

First, I look up for the charging specification of LEAF, there are three kind of charge ‘Slow’ which is the standard one, ‘Fast’ which halved the time with double amp, and ‘Quick’ which enables you to charge in less than one hour. In the full capacity, the Lithium Ion battery could run the LEAF for 160 km.

Type | Amp | Volt | Time (Hour) | Capacity | Range (km) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Slow Charge | 100 | 20 | 16 | 100% | 160 |

Fast Charge | 220 | 20 | 8 | 100% | 160 |

Quick Charge | 440 | 20 | 0.42 | 80% | 128 |

Below is the table of Indonesian electricity cost,based on 2009 price.

Class | VA Limit | Charge Cost (Rp/kVA/Month) | Usage Cost (Rp/kWh) | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

S-1/TR | 220 VA | 0 | Subscription Cost/Month : 14,800 | ||

S-2/TR (1) | 450 VA | 10 | Block I | 0 – 30 kWh | 123 |

Block II | > 30 kWh – 60 kWh | 265 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 360 | |||

S-2/TR (2) | 900 VA | 15 | Block I | 0 – 20 kWh | 200 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 295 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 360 | |||

S-2/TR (3) | 1,300 VA | 25 | Block I | 0 -. 20 kWh | 250 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 335 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 405 | |||

S-2/TR (4) | 2,200 VA | 27 | Block I | 0 – 20 kWh | 250 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 370 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 420 | |||

S-2/TR (5) | > 2,200 VA to 200 kVA | 30.5 | Block I | 0 – 60 hours on | 380 |

Block II | > 60 hours on after | 430 | |||

S-3/TM | > 200 kVA | 29.5 | Block WBP | KxPx325 | |

Block LWBP | Px325 | ||||

R-1/TR (1) | Up to 450 VA | 11 | Block I | 0 – 30 kWh | 169 |

Block II | > 30 kWh – 60 kWh | 360 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 495 | |||

R-1/TR (2) | 900 VA | 20 | Block I | 0 – 20 kWh | 275 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 445 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 495 | |||

R-1/TR (3) | 1,300 VA | 30.1 | Block I | 0 – 20 kWh | 385 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 445 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 495 | |||

R-1/TR (4) | 2,200 VA | 30.2 | Block I | 0 – 20 kWh | 390 |

Block II | > 20 kWh – 60 kWh | 445 | |||

Block III | > 60 kWh | 495 | |||

R-2/TR | > 2,200 VA to 6,600 VA | 30.4 | 560 | ||

R-3/TR | > 6,600 VA | 34.26 | 621 |

After look at the price of electricity, I match LEAF charging specification with the price. All of the charging types are under S-2 class, but only Slow charge under TR (4) and the rest are TR (5).

Type | VA | kWh | Class | Block |
---|---|---|---|---|

Slow Charge | 2,000 | 32 | S-2/TR (4) | II |

Fast Charge | 4,400 | 35.2 | S-2/TR (5) | I |

Quick Charge | 8,800 | 3.67 | S-2/TR (5) | I |

I calculate the total cost based on the charging type and it’s pricing category, then looking for the cost per km, which is the total cost divided by maximum range (see the first table).

Type | Charge Cost | Usage Cost | Total | Cost/km (Rp) |
---|---|---|---|---|

Slow Charge | 54 | 11,840 | 11,894 | 74.34 |

Fast Charge | 134.2 | 13,376 | 13,510.2 | 84.44 |

Quick Charge | 268.4 | 1,393.33 | 1,661.73 | 12.98 |

Then I compare with the ordinary gasoline car. I chose **Nissan Livina** with HR15DE engine, because this car fall under same category based on the body size with LEAF. Assuming Octane 88 price : Rp 4,500/l; Octane 92 : Rp 6,000/l; Octane 95 : Rp 6,200/l

Type | Fuel Cons. (km/l) | Cost/km (Rp) | ||
---|---|---|---|---|

Octane 88 | Octane 92 | Octane 95 | ||

City | 11 | 409.09 | 545.45 | 563.64 |

Combination | 16 | 281.25 | 375 | 387.5 |

Highway | 21 | 214.29 | 285.71 | 295.24 |

Then I calculate the percentage of how much Indonesians could save if they use LEAF instead of Livina.

- In the City
- In the Combination Route
- In the Highway

Slow | Fast | Quick | |
---|---|---|---|

Octane 88 | 81.83% | 79.36% | 96.83% |

Octane 92 | 86.37% | 84.52% | 97.62% |

Octane 95 | 86.81% | 85.02% | 97.70% |

Slow | Fast | Quick | |
---|---|---|---|

Octane 88 | 73.57% | 69.98% | 95.38% |

Octane 92 | 80.18% | 77.48% | 96.54% |

Octane 95 | 80.82% | 78.21% | 96.95% |

Slow | Fast | Quick | |
---|---|---|---|

Octane 88 | 65.31% | 60.60% | 93.94% |

Octane 92 | 73.98% | 70.45% | 96.46% |

Octane 95 | 74.82% | 71.40% | 95.60% |

The calculation shows that Indonesians could save at least 70% of their daily operational cost if they’re using LEAF. From here we also know that the Quick Charge could give the cheapest cost among the three charging type, but don’t use it too much because the battery is not charge in full capacity.

So, buy a LEAF everyone??

—

Anton Hermansyah

Tags: Daily Life, Economics

April 5, 2010 at 5:54 pm |

[…] Simulation of Nissan LEAF Operational Cost in Indonesia « anhe51's … […]

June 30, 2010 at 5:39 am |

I thought the topics you posted on were very interesting. Nice Blog and keep posting 🙂

February 7, 2011 at 2:33 am |

Best wishes,