Play 1080p YouTube Video using HTML5 on Mozilla Firefox Linux

July 15, 2015

The latest Adobe Flash Player for is the version 11, compared with version 18 in other OS. Adobe decided to not give further update to Linux. Along with the increasing concern about Flash’s vunerability, currently with the recent update, there will be a warning for us to open the Adobe Flash Player in Linux. It closes so many ads in the websites, that is good, but in other side if you open YouTube we need to activate the plugin first to watch the movie.

Mozilla is on it’s way to create the replacement for Flash based on HTML5 (read: The Shumway Project) but it will took sometimes to be accepted generally among the web developer. Actually in YouTube we could activate the HTML5 player to replace the Flash Player by clicking https://www.youtube.com/html5 and choose “Request HTML5 Player” then it would change the player to HTML5 version.

But when we watch with the HTML5 player, the maximum resolution we could play is 720p. This is because from 6 options, Mozilla Firefox on Linux is not able to select:

  • Media Source Extensions (MSE)
  • MSE & H.264
  • MSE & WebM VP9

Those caused the video resolution is only until 720p.

To enable those options, based on the solution on “How to enable MSE and native HTML5 support in Firefox on Linux“, we shoud go to about:config page, then we will see warning screen as follows:

about:config

Choose “I’ll be careful, I promise!” and we will see the list. Activate and make sure these options set as “True”

  • media.encoder.webm.enabled
  • media.fragmented-mp4.enabled
  • media.fragmented-mp4.exposed
  • media.fragmented-mp4.ffmpeg.enabled
  • media.mediasource.enabled
  • media.mediasource.mp4.enabled
  • media.mediasource.webm.enabled

Make sure this option is set as “False”

  • media.fragmented-mp4.use-blank-decoder

Then you will see the options are all blue.

about:config

Enjoy the 1080p video on HTML5 player.


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Advertisements

Change Resolution of Unknown Monitor in Ubuntu 11.10

January 30, 2012

Ubuntu LogoI have the HP v185e Monitor and it was unrecognizable by my Ubuntu 11.10. The “Display” setting shows “Unknown Monitor”, and the maximum resolution I could get is 1024 x 768, the optimal resolution is 1368 x 768. I found that the “Unknown Monitor” could be set with XRandr from the posting in the Ubuntu Forum.

I did that right and the resolution is 1368 x 768, but after restarting, the resolution options were reverted back to 1024 x 768. From the Ask Ubuntu, I found that Ubuntu 11.10 have different way to permanenting the XRandr customization than it’s predecessors.

XRandr 001

Here’s the summary (I’m using the example of adding 1440 x 900 resolution):

  1. Open Terminal and type
  2. $ xrandr
  3. The XRandr will show the maximum resolution allowed like this:
  4. Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 1368 x 768, maximum 8192 x 8192
    VGA1 connected 1368x768+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 0mm x 0mm
       1368x768_60.00   59.9*+
       1024x768       60.0  
       1024x768_60.00   59.9  
       800x600        60.3     56.2  
       848x480        60.0  
       640x480        59.9  
       1280x800_60.00   59.8  
    HDMI1 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
    DP1 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
    HDMI2 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
    DP2 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
    
  5. Type “cvt [x resolution] [y resolution]” in the terminal, for my case is like this:
  6. $ cvt 1440 900
  7. The Terminal will show the output:
  8. # 1440x900 59.89 Hz (CVT 1.30MA) hsync: 55.93 kHz; pclk: 106.50 MHz
    Modeline "1440x900_60.00"  106.50  1440 1528 1672 1904  900 903 909 934 -hsync +vsync
    
  9. For the next step, type:
  10. $ xrandr --newmode [Modeline]

    in my case is

    $ xrandr --newmode "1440x900_60.00"  106.50  1440 1528 1672 1904  900 903 909 934 -hsync +vsync

    Copy the “Modeline” configuration from the previous output

  11. To add the new resolution to the “Display” option type:
  12. $ xrandr --addmode VGA1 1440x900_60.00

    Now the new resolution is ready in the “Display” option
    XRandr 002

  13. To apply the new resolution, type:
  14. $xrandr --output VGA1 --mode 1440x900_60.00

    And now the screen will be in the new resolution

  15. In order to make it permanent, add the resolution to /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  16. $ sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  17. The xorg.conf will show the output like this:
  18. Section "Monitor"
        Identifier    "Monitor0"
        Modeline "1280x800_60.00"   83.50  1280 1352 1480 1680  800 803 809 831 -hsync +vsync
        Modeline "1368x768_60.00"   85.25  1368 1440 1576 1784  768 771 781 798 -hsync +vsync
        Modeline "1024x768_60.00"   63.50  1024 1072 1176 1328  768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync
    EndSection
    
    Section "Screen"
        Identifier     "Screen0"
        Device         "Card0"
        Monitor        "Monitor0"
        SubSection "Display"
            Modes      "1280x800_60.00" "1368x768_60.00" "1024x768_60.00"
        EndSubSection
    EndSection
    
    Section "Device"
        Identifier    "Card0"
        Driver        ""
    EndSection
    
  19. Add the new Modeline and resolution, for the “Driver” in the “Section Device” I just simply type “Intel” (because I’m using intel standard graphic card), if you are using Nvidia just simply type “nvidia”. The output is like:
  20. Section "Monitor"
        Identifier    "Monitor0"
        Modeline "1440x900_60.00"  106.50  1440 1528 1672 1904  900 903 909 934 -hsync +vsync
        Modeline "1280x800_60.00"   83.50  1280 1352 1480 1680  800 803 809 831 -hsync +vsync
        Modeline "1368x768_60.00"   85.25  1368 1440 1576 1784  768 771 781 798 -hsync +vsync
        Modeline "1024x768_60.00"   63.50  1024 1072 1176 1328  768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync
    EndSection
    
    Section "Screen"
        Identifier     "Screen0"
        Device         "Card0"
        Monitor        "Monitor0"
        SubSection "Display"
            Modes      "1440x900_60.00" "1280x800_60.00" "1368x768_60.00" "1024x768_60.00"
        EndSubSection
    EndSection
    
    Section "Device"
        Identifier    "Card0"
        Driver        "intel"
    EndSection
    
  21. Restart and see the resolution setting is now permanent

Hope it worked


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Record YouTube with Audacity on Ubuntu 11.10

January 13, 2012

Audacity LogoSometimes I prefer to hear the live version of the music (which I thought better than the recording version) that available on YouTube. I have experienced recording from YouTube with Audacity, but using Ubuntu 7, very-very long time ago. When I tried to record again, I found some diffculties that no sound recorded to the Audacity.

The page from Audacity Team said that I need to turn my ‘Input Device’ to ‘Stereo Mix’, but there is no ‘Stereo Mix’ option in my Audacity, it’s on Windows. My list of ‘Input Device’ is:

  • HDA Intel PCH: ALC892 Analog (hw0,0)
  • default: Rear Mic:0
  • default: Front Mic:0
  • default: Line:0
  • default: Rear Mic:1
  • default: Front Mic:1
  • default: Line:1

There is nothing on the list that can record from the stream, all option is silent.

I followed the suggestion from Linuxer to configure the ALSA Mixer using command

$ alsamixer

Alsa Mixer
Then I need to activate the capture device, done. After I tried to record again but the results are:

  • HDA Intel PCH: ALC892 Analog (hw0,0)
    • Nothing Happened
  • default: Rear Mic:0
    • Nothing Happened
  • default: Front Mic:0
    • Noise from my Mic but the stream recorded a bit in the background
  • default: Line:0
    • Nothing Happened

I was getting a little mad. The thread from Ubuntu Forum suggested me to use Ardour. I went to Ubuntu Software Center and installed Ardour, but I want to give one more shot to Audacity. From the Stream Recorder Forum it was suggested to install PulseAudio Volume Control, I installed the volume control and got the ‘Input Device’ option in Audacity had more options:

  • HDA Intel PCH: ALC892 Analog (hw0,0)
  • pulse: Rear Mic:0
  • pulse: Front Mic:0
  • pulse: Line:0
  • pulse: Rear Mic:1
  • pulse: Front Mic:1
  • pulse: Line:1
  • default: Rear Mic:0
  • default: Front Mic:0
  • default: Line:0
  • default: Rear Mic:1
  • default: Front Mic:1
  • default: Line:1

Then I followed the instructions to change the ‘Output Device’ and ‘Input Device’ option in Audacity to ‘Pulse’, let the PulseAudio Volume Control open when recording the stream with Audacity. Still, nothing changed. Then I found the page from Audacity Team stated that I need to configure the PulseAudio Volume Control. There are some configurations that I did:

  1. Go to ‘Input Devices’ Tab, in the ‘Internal Audio Analog Stereo’ option, look for ‘Port’ tab
  2. There are options for ‘Front Microphone’, ‘Rear Microphone’, and ‘Line In’. set all of those volume to silence, I can let it go, but just for precautions if the microphones’ noise disturb the recording
  3. PulseAudio Volume Control 001

  4. Scroll down and there is ‘Monitor of Internal Audio Analog Stereo’, to make sure the stream can be recorded, play the stream, watch the bar below the volume adjustment, if moves then the recording process can be done
  5. PulseAudio Volume Control 002

  6. Go to ‘Recording’ Tab, there is notification that no plug-in doing the recording, don’t worry
  7. Play the stream, push the record button on the Audacity, then back to the PulseAudio Volume Control, on the ‘Recording’ tab, it can be seen that now there’s an option for Audacity recording
  8. At the ‘ALSA plug-in [audacity]: ALSA Capture from‘ option, change the ‘Internal Audio Analog Stereo’ to ‘Monitor of Internal Audio Analog Stereo’
  9. PulseAudio Volume Control 003

  10. The Audacity could record the stream by now

Happy recording!


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

From Newspaper to Newsonline

November 27, 2011

NewspaperEvery morning I read the newspaper first before I opened my computer, but this day I do the opposite. Strange feeling… It seems like I lost some features.

It’s a common that nowadays if you found something interesting, you want tho share it through your Twitter or Facebook. If I opened the online version there are share buttons available, but hey, this is a paper, where is the share button?

I noticed that newspaper business (the printed one) must be shifted into an online media business, some benefit that the reader will get are:

  1. Read on Demand
  2. You can choose to read the article or not, see the list of the title and go to the page if you want to see it. Yeah, it’s like skipping the rest of the article you don’t want in the paper, but this one gave you more control, just buy the article you need without buying a bundle of newspaper (if the publisher have this feature of course).

  3. Faster Search
  4. You can search the article just based on single word, without exploring your dusty bookshelf.

  5. Explore the Other Interesting Article
  6. Sometimes there’s other article related to the topic or the article is continued in the other one. Just click and the other article will appear without any pain to find the missing newspaper.

  7. Not Just Text and Picture
  8. Sometimes video media is attached too.

  9. Share It (and Everyone can Read)
  10. As I mentioned before, you can share it in social media, yes the social media is online matter, copy the link or push the share button, the post maybe like this for example:

    I have read the nice article!! http://……

    Now everyone can go to the link you mentioned and read the rest of the article. Imagine if you share the newspaper article:

    I have read the nice article!! on the XXX Post Sunday, November 27th 2011, page 11 Column 3

    Not nice huh? And not everyone who has the newspaper.

But the transition from newspaper to online media will be painful to the newspaper maker because:

  1. Need to Build The Infrastructure
  2. For the old player, they must forget the billion big press machine and convert it to the billion gigabyte server, the user interface (sites) is the next consideration, the site must be good enough in design both to user and to customer.

  3. Digitalization
  4. The old articles must be digitized in order to maintain continuity, it’s painful because you need to browse the old edition and rewrite article by article to the digital format.

  5. Hacker
  6. This is the unwanted one, you need to consider the security factor, and who says that was costless?


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Indonesian Car Market, Days before Pressure

April 26, 2010

Save as much as you can before the rainy day

Honda FCX Clarity one of the brand new hybrid carsThat might be a match sentence for Indonesian Automaker. Forget about the recall crisis, Indonesian car market is not affected by that and (possibly) not sensitive enough with the recall issues, but the distributors need to boost sales as much as they can. Why so? Because the hard days are yet to come.

The causes are:

  1. Progressive Tax Plan
  2. The progressive tax means higher tax will applied for the second car. If the owner buy his second car, the car will have higher tax than the first one, if he buy the third, it has higher tax than the second one and so forth. Conclusion is to prohibit Indonesian to have multiple cars. Good news for crowded Jakarta street, bad news for Automaker. It’s still on debate to be applied in Jakarta, which is the biggest market for automobile in Indonesia.

  3. No Subsidized Gas for New Car
  4. Most (maybe ‘nearly all’) car in Indonesia used the subsidized Octane 88 gasoline. It’s a hidden feature of tax rebate I know, but Indonesia is not an oil land anymore (I will discuss about it more in the next post). Some policy plan has been discussed regarding this problem, and the last one is the car which produced in 2000 and thereafter are not allowed to consume the subsidized gas. It’s still on debate, but the latest news said that Pertamina, the one and only oil company allowed to sell the subsidized gas is booked Rp 456 billion (about US$ 45.6 Million) loss because of the gas. If the rule really applied, good news for Pertamina, bad news for Automaker, as the demand of the new car estimated to be decreased because of this.

  5. Increasing Steel Price
  6. The steel price is reported to be doubled from last year, because of steelmaker increasing operarional cost. This will create a pressure to the price of the new car as they need more pocket to buy the main ingredient. Okay they will charge more to the customer, but remember the demand is contradictionary to the price. Bad news for Automaker bad news for Consumer too.

The last one is slow but sure will make the car price more expensive, the first two? Still on the debate but when those two are really applied, the market will be totally changed. The Automaker must boost car sales as much as they can before running out of time.


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Nokia Life Tools, Nokia’s Seriousness in Low End Market?

April 8, 2010

Nokia Life ToolsThis morning I watched Nokia Life Tools ad. The ad shows the farmer that helped by the tools because he could know the price of the rice and other agriculture products in the market. The content will be sent via SMS, so no need of expensive HDSPA connection which just available in the big cities only (in Indonesia of course).

So this is Nokia’s attempt to reach the low end market?

Well, in Indonesia the trending topic of Mid-High gadget is full of Blackberry, iPhone and Android. there’s even no small room for Nokia’s Maemo (and Windows Mobile) to be talked.

The Mid Low is the same, there are many Made in China QWERTY Phones which imitate the design of mid high class phone mentioned above (of course lack of feature and high speed connection) in the market.

What Nokia could do?

Aim for the niche one of course, which are the non urban societies. There are several characteristic for this type of society:

  1. Mostly work in Agriculture sector
  2. Prefer to use mobile phone, because the fixed line usually not available in their area, and it’s a waste of time to go to the city just to pay the telephone bill only
  3. Mostly don’t have high speed connection signal

So they do have the mobile phone but not a sophisticated one, the infrastructure is not yet support them for high speed data access. The access via SMS can be more consistent than data, but the problem is how much they should pay?

From this link (in Bahasa), it’s stated that the user should pay about Rp 1,000 per day. I think that’s too expensive, because the price of the data service now is Rp 1 per KB, so with Rp 1,000 you could download about 1 MB data. Well if you say the data and SMS are in a different world, the price of one SMS is Rp 50 per one SMS, with Rp 1,000 you could make 20 SMSs. That means you should access the Life Tool at least 20 times a day for a break even.

Low end everybody?


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Simulation of Nissan LEAF Operational Cost in Indonesia

April 5, 2010

Nissan LEAFThe earth hero Nissan LEAF will come into production in 2011. I don’t know how much it cost but probably around $30,000 — $40,000. The issues of rising electricity price in Indonesia simply gives me idea to estimate the operational cost of Nissan LEAF here.

First, I look up for the charging specification of LEAF, there are three kind of charge ‘Slow’ which is the standard one, ‘Fast’ which halved the time with double amp, and ‘Quick’ which enables you to charge in less than one hour. In the full capacity, the Lithium Ion battery could run the LEAF for 160 km.

Type Amp Volt Time (Hour) Capacity Range (km)
Slow Charge 100 20 16 100% 160
Fast Charge 220 20 8 100% 160
Quick Charge 440 20 0.42 80% 128

Below is the table of Indonesian electricity cost,based on 2009 price.

Class VA Limit Charge Cost (Rp/kVA/Month) Usage Cost (Rp/kWh)
S-1/TR 220 VA 0 Subscription Cost/Month : 14,800
S-2/TR (1) 450 VA 10 Block I 0 – 30 kWh 123
Block II > 30 kWh – 60 kWh 265
Block III > 60 kWh 360
S-2/TR (2) 900 VA 15 Block I 0 – 20 kWh 200
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 295
Block III > 60 kWh 360
S-2/TR (3) 1,300 VA 25 Block I 0 -. 20 kWh 250
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 335
Block III > 60 kWh 405
S-2/TR (4) 2,200 VA 27 Block I 0 – 20 kWh 250
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 370
Block III > 60 kWh 420
S-2/TR (5) > 2,200 VA to 200 kVA 30.5 Block I 0 – 60 hours on 380
Block II > 60 hours on after 430
S-3/TM > 200 kVA 29.5 Block WBP KxPx325
Block LWBP Px325
R-1/TR (1) Up to 450 VA 11 Block I 0 – 30 kWh 169
Block II > 30 kWh – 60 kWh 360
Block III > 60 kWh 495
R-1/TR (2) 900 VA 20 Block I 0 – 20 kWh 275
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 445
Block III > 60 kWh 495
R-1/TR (3) 1,300 VA 30.1 Block I 0 – 20 kWh 385
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 445
Block III > 60 kWh 495
R-1/TR (4) 2,200 VA 30.2 Block I 0 – 20 kWh 390
Block II > 20 kWh – 60 kWh 445
Block III > 60 kWh 495
R-2/TR > 2,200 VA to 6,600 VA 30.4 560
R-3/TR > 6,600 VA 34.26 621

After look at the price of electricity, I match LEAF charging specification with the price. All of the charging types are under S-2 class, but only Slow charge under TR (4) and the rest are TR (5).

Type VA kWh Class Block
Slow Charge 2,000 32 S-2/TR (4) II
Fast Charge 4,400 35.2 S-2/TR (5) I
Quick Charge 8,800 3.67 S-2/TR (5) I

I calculate the total cost based on the charging type and it’s pricing category, then looking for the cost per km, which is the total cost divided by maximum range (see the first table).

Type Charge Cost Usage Cost Total Cost/km (Rp)
Slow Charge 54 11,840 11,894 74.34
Fast Charge 134.2 13,376 13,510.2 84.44
Quick Charge 268.4 1,393.33 1,661.73 12.98

Then I compare with the ordinary gasoline car. I chose Nissan Livina with HR15DE engine, because this car fall under same category based on the body size with LEAF. Assuming Octane 88 price : Rp 4,500/l; Octane 92 : Rp 6,000/l; Octane 95 : Rp 6,200/l

Type Fuel Cons. (km/l) Cost/km (Rp)
Octane 88 Octane 92 Octane 95
City 11 409.09 545.45 563.64
Combination 16 281.25 375 387.5
Highway 21 214.29 285.71 295.24

Then I calculate the percentage of how much Indonesians could save if they use LEAF instead of Livina.

  1. In the City
  2. Slow Fast Quick
    Octane 88 81.83% 79.36% 96.83%
    Octane 92 86.37% 84.52% 97.62%
    Octane 95 86.81% 85.02% 97.70%
  3. In the Combination Route
  4. Slow Fast Quick
    Octane 88 73.57% 69.98% 95.38%
    Octane 92 80.18% 77.48% 96.54%
    Octane 95 80.82% 78.21% 96.95%
  5. In the Highway
  6. Slow Fast Quick
    Octane 88 65.31% 60.60% 93.94%
    Octane 92 73.98% 70.45% 96.46%
    Octane 95 74.82% 71.40% 95.60%

The calculation shows that Indonesians could save at least 70% of their daily operational cost if they’re using LEAF. From here we also know that the Quick Charge could give the cheapest cost among the three charging type, but don’t use it too much because the battery is not charge in full capacity.

So, buy a LEAF everyone??


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Convert SSA to SRT Subtitle in Ubuntu

October 22, 2009

Ubuntu LogoWatching downloaded movie is my new hobby, yeah I know it’s kinda illegal but sometimes there are movies that you couldn’t found in the store. One of the problem is the subtitle, sometimes it’s only available in SSA format which Totem Movie Player couldn’t play. One of the solution is download VLC Media Player but the buffering process is slow (in my laptop especially) and sometimes hang. I need to watch it without troubles and I don’t understand Japanese yet.

So I need to convert the subtitles and watch it at Totem. I’ve tried to convert it manually but takes a long time even just for 30 minutes movie. And I found Gaupol an subtitle editor :

  1. Install Gaupol with :
    $ sudo apt-get install gaupol
  2. Open the SSA subtitle
  3. Save As… (Not ‘Save Translation As…’)
  4. Select ‘SubRip’ at the ‘Format’ selection
  5. Don’t forget to put it under the same name as the movie and in the same folder

Then you have a SRT subtitle and you could watch the movie in Totem. Have a nice watch!


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Batik Motifs

October 1, 2009

Batik as a trational textile of Java atually has a lot of motifs, several of those, especially that originated from Keraton (Javanese Kingdom) have a sacred rule and deep meaning. Generally Batik motifs are classified into nine, Lereng, Semen, Parang, Truntum, Kawung, Gringsing, Ceplok, Nitik, Pinggiran, and Terang Bulan

Lereng Motif

Lereng Motif
‘Lereng’ (literally means ‘Cliff’) history began at the escape of royal family from Surakarta, they had to hide in the mountains area for their safety, and the Sultan look at the cliff, which became the inspiration to make Lereng motif.

Fundamentally, the deisgn of Lereng is the same with Parang, some says that Jogjanese called it parang and Surakartanese called it Lereng. It’s one of Motif Larangan (Prohibited Motifs) that only royal families could wear. But nowadays, some of Lereng/Parang motif, could be wear by people outside the Keraton, except for some sacred motifs.

Semen Motif

Semen Motif
‘Semen’ word originated from ‘Semi’ that literally means bloom, the motif reflects prosperity and and fertility. The history is originated from Hindu mythology, that tells the story of Sri Rama giving the advice to his son, Gunawan Wibisana, when Wibisana was about to be crowned as the king. The advice is known as Hasta Brata (Eight Bratas) that a leader should have.

  1. Indrabrata
    Means a dedication to give the prosperity and protect the earth, symbolized by plants.
  2. Yamabrata
    Means fair and honest to the others, symbolized by mountains or cloud that reflects a high position
  3. Suyabrata
    Means courage not half hearted, symbolized by Garuda
  4. Sasibrata
    Means give the light and cheer to whom that feel sad, symbolized by animals
  5. Bayubrata
    Means the high position that doesn’t expose its authority, symbolized by bird
  6. Danababrata/Kuwerabrata
    Means give respect or appreciation to the people, symbolized by relic
  7. Barunabrata/Pasabrata
    Means a forgiving, symbolized by dragon or something related with water
  8. Agnibrata
    Means a power to fight against evil and protect the weak, symbolized by fire or flame

These symbols are base for the pattern of Semen motif. There’s a hope that the wearer could always communicated with God.

Parang Motif

Parang Motif
‘Parang’ literally means sword or knife, this motif reflects alertness, guard and sharp. By wearing Parang motif, the person could be alert, have a sharp think, and gifted with glory. The bigger Parang means bigger authority, this motif is one of Motif Larangan (Prohibited Motifs) that only royal families could wear. The King, as the highest authority in the kingdom wears the biggest parang motif. Parang design is usually alternated with narrower bands in a darker contrasting color in which another motif called ‘Mlinjon’ is located which differentiated Parang from Kawung Motive.

Truntum Motif

Truntum Motif
Truntum motif is worn by the parents in their children’s wedding, it’s a symbol that parents can guide or give model to their children to accomplish their own peace in time of entering family life. There’s some verisons that the word ‘truntum’ originated from. First, it derives from ‘tumaruntum’, which means guiding or often is connected to ‘tentrem’, literally means peaceful. Second, it derives from word ‘tuntun’ literlally meaning guidance.

It was believed that this motif was created by Ratu Beruk, the consort of Sunan Pakubuwono II (King of Surakarta, 1749 – 1788). She was upset because her husband ignored her. For a long time, her husband did not visit the queen. Only stars in the sky accompanying her patiently.

Every second she spent her time attaching chanting to batik wax. One day Sunan was home from hunting, coming to her dwelling. He found the queen diligently making batik, drawing animals. Seeing the king arrived, Ratu Beruk’s love sprouted again. The king then was very patient accompanying her making batik.

Gringsing Motif

Gringsing Motif
‘Gringsing’ word originated from words ‘Gering’ that means sick and ‘Sing’ that means not. So Gringsing means not sick or against illness. This motif believed to be able to cure the illness. This is one of ancient motif inspired by Patola clothes that originated from India. The motif resembling the snake skin and generally used in backgrounds.

Kawung Motif

Kawung Motif
Some say that Kawung is a kind of palm tree having ellipse-shaped fruit, with color of white called “Kolang-Kaling”. Others say that kawung comes from a name of insect ‘Kwangwung’. It believed that this motif created by Sultan Agung of Mataram.

The ornaments consist of four symmetric circles surrounding a little circle in the middle that symbolizes ‘Kiblat Papat-Kelimo Pancer‘ (four sources of energy that surrounding the centre of power, God that rules every direction). East is a direction of sunrise, the symbol of life source. North is a direction of mountain, symbol of gods’ dwelling, place of spirit/death. West is a direction of sunset, the coming of luck. South is a direction of zenith, peak of everything.

This motif brings hope that the user is given strength to rule well and have a meaningful life, like the palm tree that useful for everyone from the root to leaf.

Ceplok Motif

Ceplok Motif
‘Ceplok’ originated from ‘Seceplok’ that means ‘A Bud’. This motif is a modification from Kawung Motif, with ‘Kiblat Papat-Kelimo Pancer’. Although fundamentally geometric, ceplok can also represent abstractions and stylization of flowers, buds, seeds, and even animals. It’s an ancient motif that can be found at the Hindu Temple. Variations in color intensity can create illusions of depth and the overall effect is not unlike medallion patterns seen on turkish tribal rugs. But in Moslem’s rule forbids the portrayal of animal and human forms in a realistic manner. To get around this prohibition, the batik worker does not attempt to express this matter in a realistic form. A single element of the form is chosen and then that element is repeated again and again in the pattern.

Nitik Motif

Nitik Motif
This motif is believed to be influenced by Indian cloth named ‘Patola’, that brought to Indonesia by Indian trader. This motive was developed from coast cities in the north of Java, like Cirebon and Pekalongan before it arrived in Keraton. The pattern consist of square and rectangle form and dots as ornaments. There’s a differences in the color used in every place, in Pekalongan the dominant colors are red, green, blue and yellow as the consumer of this cloth are from India and China. Jogja’s Nitik are using indigo, brown and white color.

Pinggiran Motif

Pinggiran Motif
‘Pinggiran’ literally means ‘Edge’. This is actually a motif located at the edge of the batik cloth.

Terang Bulan Motif

Terang Bulan Motif
‘Terang Bulan’ literally means ‘Moonshine’, basically it’s a motif consist of triangle pattern ascending vertically in a simple backgrounds. The ornaments are only in the bottom part of Batik.

(From many sources)


Anton Hermansyah

Logo of Anton Hermansyah

Add Indonesian Dictionary in OpenOffice 3

September 29, 2009

in this new OpenOffice 3, the dictionary system is different than the previous one. So I couldn’t use the old dictionary format, unfortunately there’s no Indonesian dictionary at the repository. There’s a spellchecker uploaded by Rossano Rossi, but it doesn’t worked. I search for the alternative way and arrived at this page. Seems like not just me who have this problem in my Ubuntu.
Read the rest of this entry »